top of page


What is Evidence?

Evidence is whatever a judge considers at a Hearing to decide the facts of a case. Evidence can be any of the following:

  1. Testimony from a witness (including you)

  2. Documents

  3. Photographs

  4. Opinion testimony from an expert

  5. Recordings

  6. Objects

There are other things that could be evidence, too. Usually, the evidence at a hearing is mostly testimony and documents.


Rules of Evidence:

The rules of evidence limit what a judge can consider at a hearing. The law about this is very complicated and even lawyers and judges often have arguments about whether particular evidence can be considered. These rules are beyond the scope of this guide, but there are two rules that crop up in nearly every hearing and we will consider these two rules briefly.

  1. Hearsay

  2. Foundation

bottom of page